Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level. Hypoxia may be classified as either generalized, affecting the whole body, or local, affecting a region of the body. While Hypoxemia refers to low or zero arterial oxygen supply. Both are dangerous conditions. Without oxygen, your brain, liver, and other organs can be damaged just minutes after symptoms start.
Hypoxemia (low oxygen in your blood) can cause hypoxia (low oxygen in your tissues) when your blood doesn’t carry enough oxygen to your tissues to meet your body’s needs. The word hypoxia is sometimes used to describe both problems.
Although they may vary depending on individual systems, the most common hypoxia symptoms are:
If you experience these symptoms of hypoxia, call 911.
You should visit a hospital immediately to get appropriate treatment for hypoxia and to keep a check on your oxygen level.
In hypoxic situations, the most important thing is to get more oxygen into your body. Oxygen is administered either through a small plug in the patients nose or through a mask that covers the nose and mouth. For many people, this is enough to bring their oxygen level up to normal.
Inhalers may also be used, for asthma patients. If an inhaler is not effective, doctors can also administer hypoxia medicines through a vein (an IV). Steroid drugs are also administered, these help to shrink inflammation in the lungs.
In extreme cases where these treatments aren’t working, doctors may have to employ the use of an oxygen machine to help the patient breathe.
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